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Kidney Diseases Related to Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that affects how the body processes glucose, which is the body's main source of energy. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage various organs in the body, including the kidneys. Here are some kidney diseases that can be related to diabetes mellitus:

  • Diabetic nephropathy: This is a type of kidney disease that occurs in people with diabetes. It is caused by damage to the small blood vessels in the kidneys, which can lead to kidney failure. Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of kidney failure in the United States.
  • Diabetic glomerulosclerosis: This is a type of scarring in the kidneys that can occur in people with diabetes. It can lead to proteinuria (the presence of excess protein in the urine) and, in some cases, kidney failure.
  • Pyelonephritis: This is a bacterial infection of the kidneys that can occur in people with diabetes. It can cause fever, chills, and pain in the lower back and sides.
  • Nephrotic syndrome: This is a condition in which the kidneys lose large amounts of protein in the urine. It can occur in people with diabetes, particularly those with diabetic glomerulosclerosis.
  • Renal artery stenosis: This is a narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys. It can occur in people with diabetes, particularly those with high blood pressure, and can lead to kidney damage.

It is important for people with diabetes to manage their blood sugar levels and blood pressure to help prevent these kidney diseases. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider and kidney function tests can also help detect any kidney problems early on.